We never stop learning. No matter how much we think we know about a subject, there is always more to learn.
Take mulching, for example. Mulching is simply covering the soil around plants with a protective material, organic or inorganic. This helps maintain moisture in the garden, decreases soil compaction, modifies soil temperatures and adds nutrients and humus to the soil as they decompose.
It’s that time of year to mulch existing perennials, shrubs and trees. While a little chicken manure is good worked into the veggie garden, composted horse manure works better as a mulch for the rest of the garden. Chicken manure is high in phosphates and too much can inhibit beneficial microbes in the soil. It also feed the weeds. They love it. A better method would be to cover a layer of compost or composted horse or steer manure with a thick 4" layer of wood chips.
Wood chips offer additional benefits: They’re local, free from arborists, and affordable from the transfer station in Ben Lomond . Any disease in the chips doesn’t transfer to healthy plant roots, as long as you don’t dig the chips into the soil. You can also buy clean chips from landscape supply yards or in convenient bags from nurseries.
To make the most of , learn what kind of soil you’re working with. The University of Massachusetts at Amherst ( www.umass.edu/plsoils/soiltest/ ) offers a basic standard test for $9. It includes pH, buffer pH, extractable nutrients (P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, B), extractable heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Ni, Cr), and extractable aluminum, cation exchange capacity, percent base saturation.
Our local soil testing laboratory in Watsonville, Perry Laboratory, offers a comprehensive test. Their web site is www.perrylaboratory.com. The landscape package they offer includes basic fertility, micronutrients, salinity, alkalinity, texture, organic matter content and lime content. The main difference between the two labs is that Perry’s will give you specific recommendations based on your results to improve your soil.
Make sure you get fresh mulch spread over your garden plants soon. You’ll be amazed at the difference in your garden this season. A mulched garden is a happy garden.